بِسمِ اللّٰہِ الرَّحمٰنِ الرَّحِیمِ
Surah An Nas and Surah Al Falaq, are two surahs which were sent down as a protection for us. This Surah was revealed in Makkah to Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasalam). These two short surahs are considered as a form of dua and as we have said before, dua is worship. In fact, if you could summarise the life of Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasalam) it would be with the letters د ع ا ء which form the word ‘Dua’. Everything is dua and everything has a dua, sleeping, travelling, eating, changing garments, going to the market… everything subhanAllah, this is a mercy in itself because it teaches us that the life of Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasalam) was totally dependent upon Allah swt.
وَعَلَى اللَّهِ فَتَوَكَّلُوا إِنْ كُنْتُمْ مُؤْمِنِينَ
This dependence and faith in Allah swt is a foundation of faith. During the Battle of Khyber, a sahabah made the dua:
الـلّهـــــمّ لولا أنـــــت ما اهتـــــدينا ولا تــــصـــــدّقنــــا ولا صــلّيـــــنا
فاغــفـر لنــــا يا رب ما اقـتــــنينــا وثـــبـت الأقــــــــدام إن لاقــيـــــنا
وألــقيـــــن ســــــــــكينـة عـــلـيــنا إنـــــــا إذا صــــــبــح بنا أتـــيــــنا
وبــــالصيـــاح عــــــولــــوا عـلـينا ان الــذيـــن قــد بغــــوا عــــليـــنا
إذا أرادوا فـــتــــــنــــة أبــيـــــــــنا ونحــن عن فضــلك ما اســــتغنينا
The second virtue of this surah is of protection. Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasalam) used to read this surah on Al Hassan and Al Husayn and blow on them. The year that Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasalam) passed away in, he used to read these two surahs and wipe his chest with his hand but then when he become extremely weak towards his death, Sayyida Ayesha RA read the surahs and took Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasalam)’s hand and wiped it on his chest. This shows you how important these two surahs were to Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasalam).
The purpose of this surah is that Allah swt is teaching us how to protect ourselves for there is good and there is evil and protection is a must. Even Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasalam) used to read these two surahs plus Surah Al Ikhlas three times after Fajr and it is very important that we try to do this also inshaAllah.
The reason of revelation of these surahs was again linked to protection. No matter how kind Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasalam) was to the people of Quraysh, they still had nothing but hate towards him. During Jahilliyah, Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasalam) was known as As Sadiq Al Ameen, the truthful one and after 40 years he became a liar in their eyes. SubhanAllah it has been reported that Abu Jahal said, we know Muhammad will never lie, I have no doubt that he is a Prophet and when he was asked why he opposed Muhammad, he replied using the Quraysh vs. Hashimi rivalry as a justification, saying where will we find a Prophet from our tribe? SubhanAllah, look at this ignorance and shortsightedness.
قُل أَعُوذُ بِرَبِّ ٱلنَّاسِ
مِن شَرِّ ٱلوَسوَاسِ ٱلخَنَّاسِ
ٱلَّذِي يُوَسۡوِسُ فِى صُدُورِ ٱلنَّاسِ
مِنَ ٱلجِنَّةِ وَٱلنَّاسِ
Say: “I seek refuge with the Lord of mankind
the King of mankind
the real God of mankind
from the evil of the whisperer
who whispers (evil) into the hearts of men
whether he be from among the jinn or mankind.”