The Opener… The beginning of a series of tafseer lessons from a great teacher. Sharing is caring 🙂 hope you benefit from this as I have inshaAllah.
Al Fatiha, The Opener… revealed in the Holy city of Makkah
“Nothing like it (Al fatiha) has been revealed in the Tawrah (Torah), nor the Injeel (gospel), nor in the Zabur (the Pslams), or the Furqaan. And it is the seven oft-repeated verses and the Mighty Qur’an which I have been given.
1) Surah Al Fatiha has been described as Um Al Kitaab, the mother of The Book. Why?
Al-Bukhari said; “It is called Umm Al-Kitab, because the Qur’an starts with it and because the prayer is started by reciting it.” It was also said that it is called Umm Al-Kitab, because it contains the meanings of the entire Qur’an.
Imam Ahmad recorded that Abu Hurayrah narrated about Umm Al-Qur’an that the Prophet said,
«هِيَ أُمُّ الْقُرْآنِ وَهِيَ السَّبْعُ الْمَثَانِي وَهِيَ الْقُرْآنُ الْعَظِيمُ»
(It is Umm Al-Qur’an, the seven repeated (verses) and the Glorious Qur’an.)
2) Ash Shafiya, The Cure… “The Opening of the Book is a cure to every poison”
3) Al Kafiya, The Sufficient one.. “The Mother of the Book suffices for other than it but nothing else suffices it.”
Our salat is deficient without surah al Fatiha. In a Hadith Qudsi (i.e. hadith when the Prophet sAllahu ‘alayhi wa salam informs us what Allah swt has said to him NB. this is not in the Qur’an nor can be used in salah)
“I have divided prayer between Myself and My servant into two halves, and My servant shall have what he has asked for.When the servant says: ‘Al-hamdu lillahi rabbi l-alamin’ , ALLAH (mighty and sublime be He) says: ‘My servant has praised Me.’ And when he says: ‘Ar-rahmani r-rahim’, ALLAH (mighty and sublime be He) says: ‘My servant has extolled Me,’ and when he says: ‘Maliki yawmi d-din’, ALLAH says: ‘My servant has glorified Me And when he says: ‘Iyyaka na budu wa iyyaka nasta in’, He says: ‘This is between Me and My servant, and My servant shall have what he has asked for.’ And when he says: ‘Ihdina s-sirata l- mustaqim, siratal ladhina an amta alayhim ghayril-maghdubi alayhim wa la d-dallin’, He says: ‘This is for My servant, and My servant shall have what he has asked for.'”
If you want to listen to Allah swt, read the Qu’ran but if you want to talk to Allah swt, perform the salah.
” إن الله تعالى لا ينظر إلى صوركم ولا إلى أجسامكم ، ولكن ينظر إلى قلوبكم وأعمالكم”
Indeed, Allah ta’ala does not look at your appearance or your bodies, but He looks to your hearts and your actions
The greatest struggle is to purify the heart. Sayyidna Ali RA has advised to sleep with a heart full of yaqeen rather than pray with a heart full of dunya
[Side note, subhanAllah during these lessons there are always some deviations but they are all khayr and all important! >>> The Prophet sAllahu ‘alayhi wa salam said to Bilal RA, “Relieve us with it, O Bilal”. He was referring to Salah and asking Bilal RA to call the adhaan. Our predecessors loved reading the Qur’an and they loved praying. When praying in Jama’a (congregation) our Prophet sAllahu ‘alayhi wa salam used to read relatively short surahs and once Huthayfa RA saw the Prophet sAllahu ‘alayhi wa salam in the mosque praying the night prayer and he decided to join him. The Prophet sAllahu ‘alayhi wa salam began to pray and read Al Fatiha, then Al Baqara, then Al Imran, then An Nisa…. he read several of the biggest surahs in the Qur’an in one rak’ah and Huthayfa was so tired but the thought of the leaving the prayer and leaving the Prophet sAllahu ‘alayhi wa salam was unthinkable. Note, here the Prophet sAllahu ‘alayhi wa salam was 62 at this time and Huthayfa was much younger than him.]
Abdullah Ibn Al ‘Abbas narrated in a hadith that “Jibril AS came to the Prophet and said: “Receive the glad tidings of two lights that you have been given, which no other Prophet before you was given: the Opening of the Book (Al Fatiha), and the last verses of ‘al-Baqarah.’ You will not read a letter of them except that you will gain its benefit.”
لا نحصي ثناء عليك، أنت كما أثنيت على نفسكWe cannot praise You (Allah) enough, we leave praising to You (Allah)
Ar Rahman – is the Mercy of Allah to all of His creation, regardless of any factor whereas Ar Raheem, this is for the believers
It is He who confers blessing upon you, and His angels [ask Him to do so] that He may bring you out from darknesses into the light. And ever is He, to the believers, Merciful كَانَ بِالْمُؤْمِنِينَ رَحِيمًا
It is He who confers blessing upon you, and His angels [ask Him to do so] that He may bring you out from darknesses into the light. And ever is He, to the believers, Merciful. Ahzab 43.
And subhanAllah in Surah Al Anbiya’ Allah swt tells us: And We have not sent you, [O Muhammad], except as a mercy to the worlds (107).. So even the Prophet sAllahu ‘alayhi wa salam is described in relation to the worlds. There are many examples of how merciful our Prophet sAllahu ‘alayhi wa salam e.g. Story of Ta’if
And your Lord is going to give you, and you will be satisfied. Ad Duha 93:5When Sayyidna Zain al Abideen read this ayat he stopped worrying, because he knew that the Prophet sAllahu ‘alayhi wa salam would not content unless each one of his Ummah were not among the hellfire.